Jungle safari is one of the most exciting activities for foreigners. Nepal is rich in flora and fauna. Nepal's first and most famous national park is situated in the Chitwan lowlands of the inner Tarai covering an area of 932 sq. km. The park includes hilly areas of the Siwalik range covered by deciduous sal forest.The park is made up of the floodplains of the Narayani, Rapti and the Rue rivers and is covered by dense tall elephant grass interspersed reverine forests of silk cotton, acacia and sisam trees.
In the park there are four species of deer, including the spotted chital, leopard, sloth bear, wild boar, rhesus monkey, grey langur monkey, wild dog, small wild cats, the white and many other smaller animals. The swampy areas and numerous ox-bow lakes of Chitwan provide a home for marsh crocodiles. In a stretch of the Narayani River we find one of the few remaining of populations of the rare and endangered Gharial or crocodile. Here, we also find one of the world's four species of fresh water dolphins.Even for the ornithologist and the amateur bird watcher the park offers excellent possibilities with more than 450 species.
Some of the resident specialties are peacocks, several species of woodpeckers, hornbills, Bengal florican and red headed trogons. Winter birds such as waterfowl, Brahmiuny duck, pintails and bar headed geese are drawn by the sanctuary of the park.