The word "Nepal" is believed by scholars to be derived from the word "Nepa:" which refers to the Newar Kingdom, the present day Kathmandu Valley. In early Sanskrit sources (Atharvaveda Parisista)and in Gupta period inscriptions, the country is referred to as Nepala. The Newars of present day Nepal, the inhabitants of the Kathmandu Valley and its peripheries, were referred as "Nepa:" before the advent of Shah dynasty.
(More than 848 species)
4% of mammals on earth
11 of the world's 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species)
600 indigenous plant families
319 species of exotic orchids
Area: 147,181 sq. km
Geography: Situated between China in the north and India in the South
Location: Latitude: 2612' to 3027' North Longitude:804' to 8812' East
Population: 2.5 million
People: more than 103 ethnic groups and 93 spoken languages
Climate: sub-tropical in low lands to arctic in higher altitudes
Currency: Nepalese Rupee
Political System: Multiparty democracy.
National Bird: Pheasant (Danfe).
National flower: Rhododendron (Laliguransh)