You will visit the Kathmandu Valley the cultural and commercial hub of Nepal. Kathmandu valley contains three fabled cities - Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur. Each has an artistic exposition of graceful temples, elegant palaces, brick-paved courtyards and quaint streets. The Kathmandu valley profound religious culture based on a unique amalgamation of Hinduism and Buddhism is very interesting. Multi roofed temples, exquisite monasteries, stone carvings and wooden carvings, and the age-old traditions and religious festivals have kept Kathmandu valley with immense vivacity till today. The Kathmandu valley holds a considerably high number of places recognized by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites. There are all together ten World Heritage Sites in Nepal, out of them seven of which are in Kathmandu itself -those are mention below respectively. You will visit following places on your trip.
Kathmandu Durbar Square:It holds tenure of historical seat of royalty. The Kathmandu Durbar Square with its old temples and places symbolize the religious and cultural like of the people. It is here that kings of Nepal are crowned and their coronations solemnized. Kathmandu Durbar Square is a marvelous cluster of ancient temples, palaces, courtyards and streets inside as well as outside the temple, dating from the 15th to the 18th century. It was listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Monument Lost in 1979. Some important monuments seen in this area are; the Taleju temple, that is the tallest of all structures built by King Mahendra Malla in 1549 A.D., The Jagannath temple, built in the 16th century is known for the fascinating erotic figures carved in the wooded struts, The 17th century Kumari temple (the temple of the living goddess) is an example of the highly developed Nepali craftsmanship, Kastamandap, from which Kathmandu derives its name, is said to have been built from the timber of a single tree.
Patan Durbar Square:The Palace multifaceted of Patan, with its fine pagoda temples and stone statuary, is the heart of the city, and its principal attraction. The Durbar Square is full of ancient places, temples and shrines, noted for their exquisite carvings. In 17th century, Hindu and Buddhist, monuments built during the malla dynasty. This Durbar Square was listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Monument List in 1979. Some important monuments seen in this area are; The famous Krishna temple, which is only one in Nepal having 21 golden pinnacles and completely made by stone in 1637 A.D., Patan Museum inside the Durbar Square specializes in bronze statues and religious objects, Machhindra Nath (Red), a pagoda temple built in 1408 A.D., Kumbheshwor-five tiered temple of Lord Shiva built in 1392 A.D., Mahabaudha- Buddhist temple made of clay bricks in which thousands of image of Lord Buddha are engraved built in 16th century.
Bhaktapur Durbar Square:One of the Valley three Durbar Squares, Bhaktapur Durbar Square is the best preserved one. The Golden Gate is the entrance to the main courtyard of the palace of 55 windows. The Gate is one of the most beautiful and richly carved specimens of its kind in the entire world. This gate is embellished with deities and monsters with marvelous intricacy. The palace of 55 windows was built in 1700 A.D. This Durbar Square was listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Monument Listed in 1979. Some of the important monuments seen in this area are; Nyatapola Temple is five-story pagoda was built in 1702 A.D. It stands on five-terraced platform. Which is the tallest pagodas and is famous for its massive structure and subtle workmanship, Dattatraya Temple built in 1427 AD, this temple is said to have been built from the trunk of a single tree and near this temple is a monastery with exquisitely carved peacock windows, Nepal larges Shiva Lingam at Hanumanghat are also there to keep visitors spellbound.
Swayambhu Stupa (monkey temple):This is one of the world most glorious Buddhist Chaityas. It is said to be 2000 years old. Painted on the four sides of the spire base are the all-seeing eyes of Lord Buddha. It is 3km west of Kathmandu city and is situated on a hillock about 77m above the sea level of the Kathmandu valley and hence commands an excellent view of the valley. This stupa is the oldest of its kind in Nepal and it displays typical Buddhist architecture. This white dome is regarded as a spotless and pure jewel of Nirvana. It has thirteen tiers, representing the elevator to Nirvana, and a pair of painted eyes on all four sides of this stupa, symbolizing the all seeing eyes of the Buddha. It was listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Monument List in 1979. Besides these important places can be seen around Swayambhu Nath are; The Temple dedicated to Harati, the goddess of all children. It is said that she was an ogress before Lord Buddha converted her to be the caretaker of all children, who is now worshipped, The Dewa Dharma Monastery, noted for a bronze icon of Buddha and traditional Tibetan paintings etc.
Boudha Stupa: which is also known by Khasti, is one of the world largest stupas. The unique aspect of this great Buddhist monument is that it is set in the octagonal Mandala design. Hundreds of prayer wheels and the 108 images of the Buddha set into the niches around this huge structure make it even more mesmerizing. Another notable aspect of the area is the presence of about four dozen monasteries around it. Bouddha lies some six km to the east of the city center. It was listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Monument List in 1979.
PashupatinathTemple:One of the most sacred Hindu shrines in the world, Pashupatinath Temple of Lord Shiva lies five km northeast of Kathmandu. The two-storied pagoda houses a sacred lingum, or the phallic symbol of Lord Shiva. Although the temple dates back to the 4th century, it was brought into its present shape in the early 18th century. The temple is most noted for its gold-plated roofs and silver-coated doors. Although Hindus are allowed inside the temple, visitors can clearly see the temple and the activities performed in the temple premises from the eastern bank of the Bagmati River. The Temple was listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Monument List in 1979.
Changunarayan Temple: Seated at the end of a long ridge which runs well into the valley, it is said to have been built by King Hari Dutta in 323 AD and said to be the oldest temple in the valley. The Changu Narayan temple, which is dedicated to Lord Vishnu the Preserver, boasts of being the oldest pagoda in Nepal. Moreover, it in its brick-paved premises houses a stone inscription, which is believed to be the oldest of all such written records. While the two-storied temple main entrance is an excellent example of reposes metal art, the many art-works scattered in and around the enclave embody ancient craftsmen flawless proficiency in wood, stone and metal.
Dakshinkali:Dakshinkali temple is situated about twenty kilometers south of Kathmandu. Dakshinkali is regarded as one of most important Hindu goddesses. Pilgrims visit this temple to offer their prayer and animal sacrifices to the goddess. Besides, this place has been developed as a popular picnic spot.
Nagarkot:Nagarkot is a popular tourist resort of Nepal. It is situated 32 kilometers east of Kathmandu at an altitude of 2,175m (7,136ft). above sea level. A panorama of the major peaks of eastern Nepal Himalayas including Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest 8,848m/29,029ft) can be seen from here. A magnificent sunrise and sunset can be enjoyed from here.
Kirtipur:It is a small town, eight kilometers south-west of Kathmandu on the top of a hill. Tribhuvan University is located at the foot of the hill. This historic town has many things to offer like old shrines and temples, old houses, the people typically dressed in old traditional costumes, people working on ancient loom etc.
Gokarna:This lovely Royal Game Sanctuary, also known as Gokarna Safari Park, lies about ten kilometers north-east of Kathmandu. Many wild animals such as spotted deer can be viewed in the sanctuary from an elephant back. On the northern side of Gokarna, is a pagoda of Gokarneshwor Mahadev.
Sankhu:It is a typical Newari town, with many fine old buildings and temples. Beyond the village, up a long flight of stone stairs, is Bajra Jogini, a historical temple with a beautiful view of the local area.
Budhanilkantha:About eight kilometers north of Kathmandu, at the base of Sivapuri hill is a remarkable colossal statue of Lord Vishnu, reclining of the bed of snakes. This is one of the masterpieces of stone sculptures of Lichchhavi period. This fifth century statue is in the middle of a small pond and seems to float in water.